Did the Apostles' Creed come from the twelve apostles?
Actually, no. For many centuries there was a legend that the apostles' themselves had composed the creed, but there is simply no evidence that that is the case. God used the apostles to give us the Scriptures and to found the church (Eph 2:20). Only the New Testament is apostolic in that sense. Only the Bible is breathed out by God, and no other document can ever claim this authority.
But in another sense, yes. The teaching of the Apostles' Creed is entirely in line with the Scripture. In that derived sense, we can say that the creed is apostolic. It teaches nothing that the apostles themselves did not teach, and it preserves these truths for us in a powerful and worshipful way.